The Legends and Archaeology of Devil’s Lake: A Place of Ancient Power in Wisconsin

The Legends and Archaeology of Devil’s Lake: A Place of Ancient Power in Wisconsin

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Located south of Baraboo in Sauk County Wisconsin, Devil’s Lake is a place of natural wonder and legend. The central feature of the biggest State Park in Wisconsin, Devil’s Lake covers 360 acres (146 hectares), surrounded by quartzite bluffs reaching 500 feet (152 meters) in height.

In 1832, a French agent of the American Fur Company named John de La Ronde visited the lake and noted that it was the echo effect of the bluffs and the “darkness of the place” which inspired the French Voyageurs to use the name Devil’s Lake. La Ronde also mentioned an older, indigenous tradition:

“The Indians gave it the name of Holy Water, declaring that there is a spirit or Manitou that resides there. I saw a quantity of tobacco…deposited there for the Manitou.”

The “Indians” who considered the lake sacred were the Siouan speaking Ho-Chunk people , and their beliefs concerning the lake were part of an ancient and widespread cosmological model of the Eastern Woodlands , the Great Lakes , and the Plains .

The Three Worlds at Devil’s Lake

The model consists of a tiered or layered cosmos comprised of three basic “worlds”. The Sky World is the region above, where birds and flying things live. It is also the habitation of the great Thunderbirds, the stars, the sun and moon, and the creator.

The Earth World is the domain of mankind, plants, animals, and natural features. It could be called “our world” or the world of the living. The Earth World is a flat island or disk situated upon—and surrounded by—a primordial sea.

The third world is the Underworld, a vast water filled region immediately beneath the Earth World. This Underworld is the home of fish, snakes, and aquatic animals. It is also the domain of the Great Serpent and his minions. These powerful beings often enter the Earth World through natural springs, rivers, and lakes, which are connected to the Underworld oceans by a system of caverns.

Native American Thunderbird Totem Pole. The Thunderbird rules the Sky World at Devil’s Lake. ( kennytong / Adobe)

The Great Serpent manifests in a multiplicity of forms, which fall between two extremes: a gigantic horned snake and a hybrid of feline and serpent features usually known as the Underwater Panther. He is also known to be the ruler or Ogimaa (“boss”) of a race of beings of similar form (Ibid). The Great Serpent exerts a deadly influence upon the Earth World. Emerging through natural waterways, the Great Serpent destroys human beings with drowning, floods, and other calamities, including disease.

The Underworld powers are also known to kidnap children and infants. The Great Serpent is also considered a source of powerful magic or medicine, which can give victory in the hunt, warfare, love, and curing or cursing individuals or entire populations. One of the most commonly cited benefits of allying with the Underworld ruler is long life. Among the Anishnaabeg peoples of the northeast, medicine men that deal with the Underworld serpents are often considered practitioners of “ bad medicine .”

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Underwater Panther rock painting. The Great Serpent, depicted as a hybrid feline with serpent features, is known as the Underwater Panther and rules the Underworld at Devil’s Lake. (Madman2001 / CC BY-SA 2.0 )

The Thunderbirds of the Sky World wage an endless war upon the denizens of the Underworld. As the Great Serpents or Panthers emerge from beneath, the Thunderbirds bring down lightning and fire upon them. The Thunderers also seize their enemies and carry them into the air, tearing them to pieces. As such, the Thunderbirds are considered the allies and helpers of mankind and are treated with great respect by Native American peoples. Their war against the serpents is essential to human survival on the Earth Disk:

As the elder brothers of the Indians, the thunderers are always active in their behalf, slaying the evil snakes from the underworld whenever they dare to appear on the surface. If they did not do this these snakes would overrun the earth, devouring mankind.

According to a Ho-Chunk account recorded by Folklorist Dorothy Brown a major battle in this ongoing war was fought at Devil’s Lake:

A quarrel once arose between the water spirits, or underwater panthers, who had a den in the depths of Devil’s Lake, and the Thunderbirds…The great birds, flying high above the lake’s surface, hurled their eggs (arrows or thunderbolts) into the waters and on the bluffs. The water monsters threw up great rocks and water-spouts from the bottom of the lake.

The Effects From the Battles Between the Entities at Devil’s Lake

The Ho-Chunk tradition has it that the battle resulted in the cracked and jagged rocky surfaces of the bluffs surrounding the lake. Although the Thunderbirds were ultimately victorious, “The water spirits were not all killed, and some are in Devil’s Lake to this day.”

According to Native informants interviewed by Thomas George, long ago a Ho-Chunk man fasted and prayed on the shores of the lake until one of the water spirits, “resembling a cat…with long tail and horns” rose from beneath the water and granted him the promise of long life. Brown also notes that the historic Native Americans made “offerings to the spirits of this lake, by depositing tobacco on boulders on the shore or by strewing it on the water.”

Historic Indians of the Great Lakes region made tobacco offerings to the Underworld spirits before water voyages in the hope of appeasing them and guaranteeing a safe voyage. The Ottawa made similar offerings to “the evil spirit, whose habitation was under the water…this was sacrificed to the evil spirit, not because they loved him, but to appease his wrath.”

The Ho-Chunk legend says the cracked and jagged rocky surfaces of the bluffs surrounding Devil’s Lake are from the battle between the Thunderbirds and Great Serpent. ( Mark Herreid / Adobe)

Saunders recorded a Ho-Chuck legend in which a water spirit melted the ice and formed the channels of the Wisconsin Dells. This water spirit also formed all of the wild game and trees of the region from its own body before diving into a bottomless pit beneath Devil’s Lake.

This particular water spirit was a seven headed, green serpent entity , which demanded that the Ho-Chunk sacrifice their most beautiful girls to him as offerings. One year the water spirit demanded that the daughter of the chief be sacrificed, prompting a hero named River Child to secretly conspire with an old woman to raise an army to fight the serpent. River Child had been told by Spirit Fish to strike at the left eye of the monster’s center head, apparently its one weakness. On the day of the sacrifice the secret army attacked, and River Child tricked the beast into his net. He then plunged his knife into the left eye of the center head, killing the water spirit. River Child then married the chief’s daughter and the two founded “Old River Bottom” village.

The Origin of the Legends of Devil’s Lake

The Ho-Chunk legends of the Thunderers and Underworld powers at Devil’s Lake are rooted in the prehistoric past. Around 1,000 years ago, the Effigy Mound Culture , which spanned roughly 700 to 1100 AD, constructed several mounds around Devil’s Lake. On the southeastern shore of the lake, the ancients constructed a 150 foot (46 meters) long bird effigy with a forked tail, described by Birmingham & Rosebrough as “combining characteristics of a bird and a human being.”

In the traditions of the Algonquian and Siouan tribes, the Thunderbirds often assume the forms of human beings. They are often said to become winged men wielding bows with fire lit arrows in their conflict with the Underworld serpents. Interestingly, Birmingham & Rosebrough point out that a group of effigy mounds along the northern area of Devil’s Lake represent spirit entities “from the opposing lower world and include a bear, an unidentified animal, and a once-huge water spirit or panther.”

The bear is another animal often connected to the Underworld in northeastern cosmology. For example, the Menomini Indians considered the actual ruler of the Underworld to be a Great White Bear.

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Mound at Devil’s Lake, Baraboo area, Wisconsin. ( Maryna / Adobe)

Obviously, the ancient mounds of Devil’s Lake align with the same cosmological belief system expressed in the Ho-Chunk traditions regarding the area, which could very well represent a continuity extending back in time to the Effigy Mound Culture. While the theory is by no means universally accepted, there have been many professional researchers who consider the Ho-Chunk to be among the actual biological descendants of the Effigy Mound builders.

Dr. William Romain has suggested that mound builders of the Eastern Woodlands chose locations, which inspired emotion and awe in the context of the ancient cosmology to build their monuments. The dark depths and the rocky bluffs of Devil’s Lake, where even sunlight seems restricted, would certainly have created an atmosphere ripe with spirit. The mythic associations of Devil’s Lake would appear to have been widely known long before the raising of the Effigy Mounds.

Boszhardt has reported a large Hopewell monitor pipe found in southeastern Minnesota, which bears etchings of horned lizard-like creatures and long tailed Underwater Panthers. The smoking pipe is made of Baraboo pipestone from one of the outcrops near Devil’s Lake.

The Hopewell mound building culture usually dates to between 100 BC and around 500 AD. Thus, the Devil’s Lake locality may have been considered a dwelling of the Underworld spirits for well over a millennium before the first Westerners entered the region.

Devil's Gate rock formation at Devil's Lake State Park in Wisconsin. ( Adventures On Wheels / Adobe)

Riverdale Road is home to a host of legends: While traveling down the road during a full moon, one can see the hanging bodies of slaves on the trees. They have their own Lady in White. But one section of road led to a mansion that contained a satanic cult. The gate to hell itself is reportedly inside the chicken coop.

The demonic doll in The Conjuring and Annabelle is inspired by a real-life Raggedy Ann doll supposedly inhabited by the spirit of a dead girl, which was given to two demonologists, Ed and Lorraine Warren, after some extremely malicious paranormal activity.

In Greek mythology, crossroads were associated with both Hermes and Hecate, with shrines and ceremonies for both taking place there. The herm pillar associated with Hermes frequently marked these places due to the god's association with travelers and role as a guide. Though less central to Greek mythology than Hermes, Hecate's connection to crossroads was more cemented in ritual. 'Suppers of Hecate' were left for her at crossroads at each new moon, and one of her most common titles was 'goddess of the crossroads.' In her later three-fold depictions, each of the three heads or bodies is often associated with one of three crossing roads. [1]

An 11th-century homily called De Falsis Deis tells us that Mercury or Odin were honored on crossroads.

53. Sum man eac wæs gehaten Mercurius on life, se wæs swyðe facenfull 54. And, ðeah full snotorwyrde, swicol on dædum and on leasbregdum. Ðone 55. macedon þa hæðenan be heora getæle eac heom to mæran gode and æt wega 56. gelætum him lac offrodon oft and gelome þurh deofles lare and to heagum 57. beorgum him brohton oft mistlice loflac. [2]

The modern English text gives: "There was also a man called Mercury, he was very crafty and deceitful in deed and trickeries, though his speech was fully plausible. The heathens made him a renowned god for themselves at crossroads they offered sacrifices to him frequently and they often erringly brought praise-offerings to hilltops, all through the devil’s teaching. This false god was honored among the heathens in that day, and he is also called by the name Odin in the Danish manner."

In the UK there was a tradition of burying criminals and suicides at the crossroads. This may have been due to the crossroads marking the boundaries of the settlement coupled with a desire to bury those outside of the law outside the settlement, or that the many roads would confuse the dead. [3] Crossroads were also commonly used as a place of criminal punishment and execution (e.g. by gibbet or dule tree), which may have also been a reason for it being a site of suicidal burial as suicide was considered a crime. This ritual of crossroads burial dates back to Anglo-Saxon times and continued until being abolished in 1823. [4]

While they became a place of burial for suicides and others unable to be given proper burial in the Middle Ages, the crossroads were once a burial place second only to the consecrated church for Christians. [5]

In Western folk mythology, a crossroads can be used to summon a demon or devil in order to make a deal. This legend can be seen in many stories. For example, the 1587 Historia von D. Johann Fausten, describes the character Faust inscribing magic circles at a crossroads in order to summon the devil.

In the 1885 historical essay Transylvanian Supersitions, Emily Gerard describes how crossroads were often avoided as a matter of course, and describes a Romanian belief that a demon could be summoned at a crossroad by drawing a magic circle, offering copper coin as payment, and reciting an incantation. [6]

In conjure, rootwork, and hoodoo, a form of African magical spirituality practiced by African Americans in the United States, the crossroads in Hoodoo originates from the Kongo Cosmogram in Central Africa. It represents the rising and setting of the sun, and the human life cycle of death and rebirth. [7] The center of the crossroads is where the communication with spirits take place. During the transatlantic slave trade, the Kongo cosmogram was brought to the United States by African slaves. Archeologists unearthed representations of the Kongo cosmogram on slave plantations in South Carolina on clay pots made by enslaved Africans. [8] [9] The Kongo Cosmogram is also called the Bakongo Cosmogram and the "Yowa" cross. The Yowa Cross (Kongo Cosmogram) "Is a fork in the road (or even a forked branch) can allude to this crucially important symbol of passage and communication between worlds. The 'turn' in the path,' i.e., the crossroads, remains an indelible concept in the Kongo-Atlantic world, as the point of intersection between the ancestors and the living." [10] [11]

Other African origins of the crossroads in Hoodoo are found in West Africa among the Yoruba people. For example, the Yoruba trickster deity called Eshu-Elegba resides at the crossroads, and the Yoruba people leave offerings for Eshu-Elegba at the crossroads. [12] In Hoodoo, there is a spirit that resides at the crossroads to give offering for however, the word Eshu-Elegba does not exist in Hoodoo because the names of African deities were lost during slavery. Folklorist Newbell Niles Puckett, recorded a number of crossroads rituals in Hoodoo practiced among African-Americans in the South and explained its meaning. Puckett wrote. "Possibly this custom of sacrificing at the crossroads is due to the idea that spirits, like men, travel the highways and would be more likely to hit upon the offering at the crossroads than elsewhere." [13] African crossroads spirits were brought to the United States during the transatlantic slave trade. In the Vodou tradition, Papa Legba is the lwa of crossroads and a messenger to the spirit world. [14] [15]

In Hoodoo, there has been a practice that is believed to be hoodoo in origin such as selling your soul to the devil at the crossroads in order to acquire facility at various manual and body skills, such as playing a musical instrument, throwing dice, or dancing. It is believed that one may attend upon a crossroads a certain number of times, either at midnight or just before dawn, and one will meet a "black man," whom some call the Devil, who will bestow upon one the desired skills. This practice is believed to have originated from an African American Blues musician by the name of Robert Johnson. In the oral history of hoodoo it is said that Robert Johnson became a skilled Blues musician after he sold his soul to the devil at the crossroads, and because of this, people began going to a crossroads at midnight to sell their soul to a devil to acquire a skill or to become better at a skill. The family of Robert Johnson have come forward and said this is not true. How Johnson became a skilled Blues musician was through training under Ike Zimmerman who was a blues guitarist. In an article from the National Blues Museum it reads. "In the case of Robert Johnson, many family members have come forward to dispel these rumors and have advocated that the truth be told about Robert Johnson. During the time that he was missing, Johnson returned home, where he ran into Ike Zimmerman. Zimmerman took Johnson under his wing, and from years of practicing, Johnson became the legendary Blues musician that we know today." Therefore, the idea one can sell their soul to the devil at the crossroads and acquire a skill may not be traditional in Hoodoo. [16]

Crossroads are very important both in Brazilian mythology (related to the headless mule, the devil, the Besta Fera and the Brazilian version of the werewolf) and religions (as the favourite place for the manifestation of "left-hand" entities such as Exus and where to place offerings to the Orishas). Eshu and Legba derive from the same African deity, although they are viewed in markedly different manners among traditions. For example, Papa Legba is considered by Haitian Vodou practitioners to be closest to Saint Peter, although in Brazilian Quimbanda it is not uncommon to see Exu closely associated with demonic entities such as Lucifer, clad in Mephistophelean attire and bearing a trident. [17]

In 1926's Faust, the titular character summons the demon Mephistopheles at a crossroad.

Blues songs Edit

Some 20th-century blues songs, such as Sold It to the Devil by Black Spider Dumpling (John D. Twitty), may be about making a deal with the devil at the crossroads. Many modern listeners believe that the premier song about soul-selling at a crossroads is "Cross Road Blues" by Robert Johnson. According to a legend, Johnson himself sold his soul at a crossroads in order to learn to play the guitar. This is chronicled in the Netflix documentary ReMastered: Devil at the Crossroads. However, the song's lyrics merely describe a man trying to hitchhike the sense of foreboding has been interpreted as the singer's apprehension of finding himself, a young black man in the 1920s deep south, alone after dark and at the mercy of passing motorists. [18]

The idea of selling one's soul for instrumental skills predates the American South as several virtuoso classical musicians such as Paganini [ citation needed ] had stories told about selling their soul for music prowess (and that story may reference back to medieval troubadour doing something similar). The motif of selling one's soul for guitar power has become a staple of both rock and metal guitarists. [19] In the 2000 Coen Brothers comedy, O Brother, Where Art Thou?, the character Tommy Johnson claims to have sold his soul to the devil at the crossroads in exchange for guitar skills, a direct reference to the legend of Robert Johnson.

Yucatán Peninsula Cenotes

Cenote formation in the Yucatán dates back several millions of years when the Yucatán Peninsula was still below sea level. A prominent ring of cenotes results from the Chicxulub asteroid impact of 65 million years ago. The Chicxulub asteroid impact is often credited at least partly with killing off the dinosaurs. The impact crater is 180 kilometers (111 miles) in diameter and 30 meters (88 feet) deep, and along its outer limits is a ring of limestone karst deposits into which are eroded jug-shaped and vertical-walled cenotes.

The Holbox-Xel-Ha fracture system in the northeastern coast of the Yucatán captures water from the east of the peninsula and feeding underground rivers and creating cavern and Aguada cenotes.

Cenotes are still being created today: the most recent was July 2010, when a cave roof collapse in Campeche state created a 13 m (43 ft) wide, 40 m (131 ft) deep hole subsequently named el Hoyo de Chencoh.

Exploring American Monsters: Kentucky

The state of Kentucky is best known for its bourbon, horse racing (particularly the Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs the first Saturday in May), and “Colonel” Harland Sanders’ world famous Kentucky Fried Chicken (truth be told, Sanders lived in nearby Indiana until he left home at age 13 and moved to Kentucky). Famous Kentuckians include President Abraham Lincoln, boxing great Muhammad Ali, actor Johnny Depp, and gonzo journalist Hunter S. Thompson. The state’s topography consists of mountains, farmland, rivers, coalfields, and swampy lowlands. It’s the perfect home for monsters.

The Norfolk Southern Railway trestle near Louisville, Kentucky. Home of the Poke Lick Monster.

A true troll under the bridge story, the Pope Lick Monster has been described as part-man/part-goat, or part-man/part-sheep, and lives beneath a railway trestle near Louisville, Kentucky. Calling for help, the monster lures its victims onto the trestle where they jump to their deaths before an oncoming train.

The origin of the monster is clouded. There are stories it’s the undead form of an old farmer who sacrificed goats to Satan, a sideshow freak, or a human-goat hybrid. Regardless of the origin, the description of the beast is consistent – it looks like a satyr from Greek mythology.

Another consistency about the monster is that the kind folks at Norfolk Southern Railway don’t want the legend to drive people onto their trestle. The company has vowed to prosecute anyone caught there.

Although there have been deaths from people jumping from the trestle, whether they were the despondent, thrill seekers, or victims of the Pope Lick Monster, no one knows.

The man-made Herrington Lake may be home to a monster.

Some people are certain there’s a monster in the 2,335-acre man-made Herrington Lake. A sighting in 1972 brought the monster to the public’s attention.

Lawrence Thompson was fishing in the lake when he saw something he couldn’t believe. “All (I) ever seen of it is a snout, not unlike that of a pig, moving along just above the water at about the speed of a boat with a trolling motor, and a curly tail, similar to that of the same animal, coming along about 15 feet behind,” Thompson told The Courier-Journal. But that’s all he knew about the monster. “What we don’t know is colossal what we do know is minimal,” Thompson said.

Thompson’s not the only one to see something monstrous in the lake. In 1990, Junction City resident Sherri Hurst saw something familiar, and terrifying, in the lake. “It was an alligator,” she told Central Kentucky News. “I go to Florida all the time. I know what an alligator looks like, and that was an alligator.”

Others suggest a catfish. Dave Baker of the state Department of Fish and Wildlife told Central Kentucky News there are catfish in Herrington Lake, and Kentucky grows some big ones. The largest catfish caught in the state weighed 100 pounds.

Are devil monkey’s loose in Kentucky?

Three to four feet tall, excessively hairy, bipedal, and vicious, Devil Monkeys have been reported in southeastern states for decades. Resembling baboons with dog-like faces, Devil Monkeys are also reported to have strong legs like a kangaroo, three-toed feet, and a long, bushy tail.

In Kentucky, the most famous Devil Monkey encounter occurred in 1973 when farmers near Albany, Kentucky, reported three of these black primates had slaughtered livestock. No Devil Monkeys were ever captured.

Given the fact that there are 12.4 million acres of forest in the state, it’s not out of the question a troop of baboon-like primates may have found a home in the woods of Kentucky.

West Virginia is not alone. Kentucky is also home to Mothman sightings.(Mothman by Mr-Shin)

The 1966 and 1967 Mothman encounters in and around the town of Point Pleasant, West Virginia, were made famous in John Keel’s book, “The Mothman Prophecies,” and the 2002 movie of the same name. These sightings of Mothman are related to the collapse of the Silver Bridge in 1967, which killed 46 people. More than 100 people claimed to have seen Mothman around Point Pleasant in those two years.

However, encounters with a Mothman-like creature aren’t limited to West Virginia. In 1938, residents of Ashland, Kentucky, and Elizabethtown, Kentucky, reported seeing a large, black, humanlike being with a huge wingspan, and blazing red eyes. Although the sightings died out by 1939, they reappeared in 2008 when farmer Harley Foster said he saw a bird-like monster with red eyes near his barn. Foster said the monster chased him.

Mothman has been considered an omen of doom. When it disappeared from Kentucky in 1939, people thought it a precursor to war in Europe. In 1967 it foretold the collapse of the Silver Bridge. What did it foretell in 2008? The spate of tornadoes that ripped through the U.S.? The earthquakes in China and Japan? The hurricane that devastated Haiti? It all depends on whom you ask.

The Demon Leaper, a living gargoyle in Louisville, Kentucky.

For decades upon decades, residents of Louisville, Kentucky, would look upon the gothic Walnut Street Baptist Church, and see what looked like a living gargoyle amongst the stone beasts. Kentucky Author David Dominé told Wave 3 News, “It’s a bat-like creature with leathery skin, wings and claws and talons and it’s been seen to hop along the roof.”

This gargoyle not only jumps across the rooftop, it has wings, and can fly. “It’s been seen on other structures roof tops as well. They call it the Demon Leaper. It’s perhaps our most famous legend in Old Louisville,” Dominé told the Wave.

Some witnesses claimed the Leaper to be a monkey wearing a “shiny suit,” and said it would leap down upon people and poke them, although no one was ever seriously injured. A 12 September 1880 story in The New York Times referred to the beast as, “An Aerial Mystery.”

Tumbled Rock Brewery outside Devil's Lake is a good place to fuel up before or after a hike


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Adding a restaurant and brewery near the entrance of Wisconsin's largest and most popular state park is genius when you think about it.

The nearly 3 million visitors who want to hike, bike or otherwise explore Devil's Lake each year are bound to get hungry. Or thirsty. Or both.

In September, Michelle Koehler and Randy Scott opened Tumbled Rock Brewery & Kitchen, a brewpub near the park's north entrance.

Koehler made room for a talk after a brisk lunch hour. She took a seat on a dark leather couch in the dining room's lounge area, separated from the bar by a see-through fireplace. The couch is flanked by two caramel-colored leather chairs, a place to sink into for warmth when weather turns for the season.

Tumbled Rock Brewery & Kitchen in Baraboo has a comfortable seating area in its brewpub for enjoying wood-fired pizza, salads and beer. (Photo: Chelsey Lewis/Milwaukee Journal Sentinel)

"It was a concept I had been working on for a while," Koehler said about the two-acre complex. "The brewery was plan B."

Koehler and Scott noticed that Baraboo was home to three wineries and one distillery but not a brewery. They decided to add one to the mix.

"I've never built a brewery before. I never owned a brewery before," Koehler said. "We thought that would be good fit for the restaurant."

Koehler previously operated Ravina Bay Bar & Grill in Wisconsin Dells, a restaurant that was open for four months a year. Tumbled Rock, named for the Tumbled Rocks trail which offers views from the park's west bluff, is open all year.

The brewpub has two buildings. On one side is a restaurant serving lunch and dinner daily, along with a full bar menu. In the middle is a patio for the restaurant and a patio playground with lawn games and a pingpong table. That's flanked by the brewery with its 15-barrel brewhouse, seating for 15 at the bar, and an event room for meetings and special occasions.

Tumbled Rock Brewery & Kitchen in Baraboo has an expansive patio and lawn area with games between its restaurant and brewhouse. (Photo: Chelsey Lewis/Milwaukee Journal Sentinel)

Erica DeAnda is Tumbled Rock's brewer. She previously brewed at Octopi Brewing in Waunakee and Minocqua Brewing Co. She's also the president of the Wisconsin chapter of the Pink Boots Society, a nonprofit group for women brewers and women who make their living with beer.

DeAnda has been in the spotlight for her role as a female brewer at Octopi and for her work in the Pink Boots Society. Tumbled Rock is her chance to be judged for her beer. She's up for it.

"I've been known as a woman in the beer industry," she said. "I haven't been known for being a brewer making really good beer for the community."

DeAnda began brewing on Oct. 17 and expects to have beer on tap in November. The opening lineup will include a blonde ale, a West coast IPA, an English brown ale, and a series of single-hop pale ales in which each batch will be brewed with a different hop. Plans also include working with nearby Driftless Glen Distillery for some barrel-aged beers.

Head brewer Erica DeAnda stands in the brewhouse for Tumbled Rock Brewery & Kitchen in Baraboo on Oct. 10, 2019. The brewpub opened Sept. 14, 2019, and DeAnda plans to begin brewing in October. For now, the restaurant has Ale Asylum beers on tap. (Photo: Chelsey Lewis/Milwaukee Journal Sentinel)

"I have the luxury of creating my own brand, my own beers," said DeAnda, who began her career at Freewheel Brewing in Redwood City in her home state of California. Freewheel specializes in English beers, which informed DeAnda's background in English cask ales, which are unfiltered and unpasteurized beers.

The Tumbled Rock brewhouse includes three stainless steel fermenting tanks. Serving tanks downstairs will provide beer to the brewery taproom kegs will be used in the restaurant where they have 24 tap lines. For now, Tumbled Rock is serving Ale Asylum brews.

The pizza oven in one corner of the Tumbled Rock dining room might look like welcome relief to hikers. Koehler creates the menus and recipes and spent the summer trying them out while the stone restaurant and brewery were being built. Chef Lance Tonkinson came from Field's at the Wilderness in Wisconsin Dells.

The menu comes on a small wooden clipboard. Flip the pages for foods from appetizers such as truffle fries to salads to the stuffed trout entree described as Rushing Waters trout stuffed with crab, preserved lemon buerre blanc, carrot puree and jasmine rice. The Neapolitan-style personal pizzas are big enough for two.

A chopped salad made with a generous amount of arugula, couscous, smoked trout, freeze-dried corn, tomato relish, pepitas and dried cranberries is served with the arugula in the center of the plate and the accompanying ingredients arranged in order like the hands of a clock. A basil pesto buttermilk dressing comes on the side. It could power even a novice up Devil's Lake's quartzite bluffs to Balanced Rock or Devil's Doorway.

Tumbled Rock Brewery & Kitchen opened outside Devil's Lake State Park in Baraboo on Sept. 14, 2019. The brewpub serves lunch and dinner, including wood-fired pizzas. (Photo: Chelsey Lewis/Milwaukee Journal Sentinel)

Seating for 120 in the dining room is distributed with some seats at the three-sided bar, booths along the wall and scattered tables. Koehler and Scott worked with architects for the look of the restaurant and brewery. The Farm Kitchen restaurant previously occupied the space but had been vacant for at least two years. Koehler said they allowed the fire department to burn the building as a training exercise for Baraboo first responders.

By spring, Koehler plans to have music outside on the patio where Tumbled Rock will host cycling, running and other events including dog walks.


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Located across from Devil’s Head Ski Resort and a short drive from Cascade Mountain – we welcome skiers to come enjoy a warm fire in a cozy cabin after hitting the slopes!

Treeless tundra—landscape beyond the glacier

Beyond the edge of the Green Bay Lobe lay a nearly treeless tundra, whose surface thawed for only a short time during the summer beneath this soggy surface, the ground was deeply frozen. These tundra conditions persisted from about 26,000 to about 13,000 years ago. The polygonal patterns produced by the cracking of the deeply frozen ground can be seen on aerial photographs of parts of Wisconsin these tundra polygons look much like those forming in the Arctic today.

Top 10 Reasons to Stay at Woodland Resort this Summer!

1. Devils Lake’s only full service lakeside resort.

2. Excellent fishing opportunities.

3. Convenient bait, tackle, and pro shop.

4. Boat and Pontoon rentals

5. On-site, full service marine/atv repair shop.

6. Multiple types of lodging options available.

7. Incredible food and fun at Proz Lakeside.

8. First-class fish cleaning station.

9. Home to World Famous Perch Patrol Guide Servicie.

10. Friendly staff all about you having a good time!

Watch the video: Wisconsin Devils Lake Camping With Family Raymonds Squad