Coat of Arms of the Kings of France

Coat of Arms of the Kings of France

Coat of Arms of the Kings of France - History

"Moor's heads" refer to the heraldic images of the heads of Africans represented on coats of arms and crests found throughout Europe (1300s AD - present). Despite the common misconception that Moor's heads are representations of unknown Muslims defeated in battle, evidence suggests most known Moor's heads are representations of specific Africans in honor of their contributions to Catholics in Europe.

The coat of arms of Abfaltersbach, a small town in the southern Austrian alps, dates to 1984 as bestowed by the Tyrol County government. The use of a Moor's head is attributable to Abfaltersbach's geographic position within the historic Prince-Bishopric of Freising, which was established in 1294 AD, and within the larger Diocese of Freising, which was established in 739 AD (see Freising, Germany description below). More specifically, Abfaltersbach's Moor's head was borrowed from the Freising Moor portrayal in the Abbey of Innichen, Italy, which was once included in both the Freising diocese and Tyrol County.

Sankt Peter am Kammersberg

The typically crowned Freising Moor is depicted, as Sankt Peter am Kammersberg was a borough of the Freising district until 1803 (See the Freising, Germany description below).

The small town located in Belgium's West Flanders region adopted the present concept of its coat of arms in 1845 AD, which was most likely based on the Testard, the family that owned the land prior to the incorporation of Boezinge, use of a Moor's head. The Testard family descended from Guillaume I "Testard" (or William I "The Great," Count of Burgundy and Macon), whose dukes later owned vast regions of the low countries, including West Flanders.

The coat of arms of Linkebeek features 3 "wreathed" Moor's heads in a manner similar to that of nearby town, Lennik.

According to town history, the coat of arms is descended from 1683 Gaasbeek family crest, which in 1691 changed to the seal of Corneille de Man (shown at right)

According to town history the present coat of arms was adopted in the 1970's after the merger of several smaller municipalities. Unusually depicted with a green buttoned shirt with arms crossed behind, it is similar to the coat of arms adopted in the 1890s that was based on the family crests used since 1584 by the Flemish Van Plothos of Ingelmunster near Waregem. The original, however, was Balthasar Edler von Plotho's family crest, which was conceived circa 1470 AD (shown below). The Von Plotho family of Brandenburg, which owned vast regions in the Holy Roman Empire, was first documented by Otto I in 946 AD. Since St. Maurice was patron saint of the Holy Roman Empire, and since the nearby Cathedral of Magdeburg was dedicated to St. Maurice, the Von Plotho Moor is likely a representation of him.

Current coat of arms (c. 1970)
Balthasar Edler Von Plotho crest (c. 1470), courtesy of la mediatheque protestante de Strasbourg

The modern Corsican Moor's head has been whitewashed with European features and today, many believe that the head is but a mere silhouette of a European man. Contrary to such claims, the Bastia Museum houses the original Corsican Moor's head (as shown below) which has undeniably black features. Some Corsican legends tell that the head was a trophy of a defeated Saracen chief, or that it was the head of a slave. Nonetheless, the positive portrayal, pearls around the moor's neck, and feminine qualities refute such legends.

Corsican flag under the Kingdom of Aragon, as shown in the Armorial Gelre (c. 1370)
The coat of arms on the flag of the Kingdom of Corsica (c. 1750 AD) in the Bastia Museum

Current coat of arms (c. 1960)

Coburg, the ancestral home of the British royal family Saxe Coburg-Gotha (otherwise known as Windsor), is known for its picturesque castles and museums, but its most popular resident is the Coburg Moor, which appears on the town's edifices, coat of arms, and flag (as shown below). As previously mentioned, the town's history tells that this was the Catholic church's patron saint from Waset (Thebes or Luxor), St. Maurice. Therefore, according to both the town's history and the Catholic church, for which he is a patron saint, Maurice was an Egyptian.

The home town of Pope Benedict is adorned with a crowned-head Moor known simply as the "Freising Moor" which may be seen at the Freising castle and on the coat of arms and flags of nearly 20 municipal coats of arms throughout Germany. Pope Benedict used a similar representation of the Freising Moor on his official papal coat of arms, the use of which can be traced to Bishop Emicho of Wittelsbach in Skofja Loka, Slovenia, which was also in the historic Diocese of Freising circa 1316 AD (as shown below). While various Catholic historians have told of Abraham of Freising's encounter with a bear, how his African servant defeated it, the consistent portrayal of the Freising Moor with a crown cast doubt on such story. Other historians suggest it could be a representation of St. Maurice, who was the patron saint of the Holy Roman Empire, or St. Zeno, another canonized African.

Archdiocese of Munich

According to the Sardinian government, the flag became associated with Sardinia in the 1300s when the island became part of the Confederation of the Crown of Aragon. However, in the Armorial Gelre (c. 1370), which lists flags and coats of arms of territories throughout Europe, the Moor's heads superimposed by the red cross of St. George are assigned to Sardinia, not Aragon. Sardinia became associated with this flag ever since the reign of Peter III of Aragon (1276-1285 AD), and Peter's sons, Alphonso III (1261-1290 AD) and James II (1267-1327 AD). In 1297 AD, James was crowned King of Sardinia, and various versions of his seal have continuously been associated with Sardinia's flag until the present day. Note that the Sardinian Moors did not originally have white bands, but we see that by 1559, red head bands had been added, as shown by the Kingdom of Sardinia's flag in the depiction of Charles V's funeral procession.

One theory suggests the Moors are representations of St. Maurice, since: (1) the Kingdom of Sardinia was essentially formed in 1238 AD when Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II bestowed Enzo with the title of King of Sardinia (although Barisone was named King of Sardinia from 1164 to 1165 AD), (2) St. Maurice was the patron saint of the Holy Roman Empire, and (3) Sardinia was later ruled by the House of Savoy, which traces its origins to Magdeburg, Germany.

However, depictions of dark-skinned men who are supposed to be St. Maurice holding shields and flags bearing the cross of St. George appear elsewhere in Europe, including at the Weiner Neustadt Abbey (c. 1447 AD) in Germany and House of the Blackheads in Riga, Latvia (c. 1580 AD) as shown below. Like these examples, it is also likely that the Sardinian Moor's heads represent St. George.

Sardinia flag (c. 1370 AD)
Kingdom of Sardinia flag (c. 1470, credit: Plantin)

The current flag, as evolved (1999)

Coat of Arms under the Savoy Kingdom of Sardinia flag, by Johannes Jansonnius (c. 1642, credit: Robur.q)

Riga's most famous building, the House of the Blackheads, prominently features an armored Moor (supposedly St. Maurice, c. 1580 AD) with a cross of St. George below a representation of his head. The building was originally constructed in the late 1300s AD by the Brotherhood of the Blackheads, an organization formed to defend Reval (Tallinn, Estonia) during the St. George's Day Uprising circa 1343 AD. Therefore the Moor is likely a representation of one of the most venerated knights of Europe, St. George.


The crowned Moor represented on this 1000-year old town's coat of arms and flag is directly related to the aforementioned Freising moor. The town is located in territory granted to Bishop Abraham of Freising in 973 AD.

According to Aragon's official history, the current coat of arms is an assemblage of flags from territories under the former Crown of Aragon and the heads on the coat of arms represent Moors who were defeated at Alcoraz by Pedro I in 1096. However, in the Armorial Gelre (c. 1370), a book that lists flags and coats of countries, Aragon city's coat of arms was represented by the blue flag with the white cross as shown below (the Kingdom of Aragon's is represented by the red and yellow stripes topped with the armored helmet), but the Moor's heads are attributed to Sardinia's flag, not necessarily the Moors defeated by Pedro I at Alcoraz (see the Sardinia description above).

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Venables History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Venables was brought to England in the wave of migration that followed the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Venables family lived in Venables, Normandy, "about thirty miles beyond Rouen, on the road to Paris, between St. Pierre and Vernon, standing in the centre of the neck of a peninsula formed by a bend of the Seine. The high road runs straight through this tract to the centre of the arc of the Seine, which it intersects at a point where the river bends past Pont Andeli, near the famous Château Gaillard." [1]

Venables was the barony and ancient seat of the Le Veneurs, so named from their hereditary office of Veneur or Venator (Huntsman) to the Dukes of Normandy.

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Early Origins of the Venables family

The surname Venables was first found in Cheshire where this distinguished Norman family were descended from Gilbert de Venables, from Venables, in the canton of Gaillon, near Evreu in Normandy. Walter Veneur (ancestor of Gilbert), fought at the Battle of Fords in 960 between the King of France and Richard I Duke of Normandy. [1]

"But who so prominent in the group as Gaultier-le-Veneur? All the interest of the battle seemed at one juncture to be concentrated upon the Huntsman, as though he had been the sole object of the conflict. Dragged off his horse, seized by the enemy, rescued and remounted by the ready Duke on the best he had perhaps his own charger: and now, again, for the battle !" [2]

"Gilbert de Venables or Gislebertus Venator, as he is entered in the Domesday Book, was one of the Palatinate barons of Hugh Lupus, in Cheshire, and has been called his nephew, although his name does not appear in the pedigree of the son of the Earl's only sister, Ralph de Meschines." [1]

"The manor [of Agden] was held by a family of the same name: a moiety of it passed by female heirs to the families of Daniel and Venables the other moiety, by purchase, to the Savages, who sold it to the family of Venables in 1619. William Venables married the heiress of the Daniels and in 1727 the heiress of George Venables was married to Sir T. P. Chetwode, Bart., in whose family the property continues." [3]

"The house of Venables bore Azure, two bars Argent [as their Coat of Arms] and was first adopted by the fifth Baron about 1253." [1]

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Early History of the Venables family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Venables research. Another 78 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1762, 1604, 1669, 1640, 1669, 1613, 1687, 1662, 1645, 1648, 1649 and 1649 are included under the topic Early Venables History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Venables Spelling Variations

Spelling variations in names were a common occurrence in the eras before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago. In the Middle Ages, even the literate regularly changed the spellings of their names as the English language incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other European languages. Many variations of the name Venables have been found, including Venables, Venable and others.

Early Notables of the Venables family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Peter Venables (1604-1669), an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1640 and 1669, supporter of the Royalist cause in the English Civil War and Robert Venables (c. 1613-1687), English soldier, writer and angler, known for his treatise on angling, The Experienced Angler, in 1662. He was the son of Robert Venables of Antrobus, Cheshire, by Ellen, daughter of Richard Simcox of Rudheath, and entered the parliamentary army when the civil war broke out, and served under Sir William Brereton in Cheshire and Lancashire. In 1645 Venables was governor of.
Another 120 words (9 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Venables Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Venables migration +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Venables Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • John Venables, who landed in Maryland in 1662 [4]
  • William Venables, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1682 [4]
  • William and Elizabeth Venables, who settled in Philadelphia in 1682 with their two children
Venables Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Daniel Venables, who settled in Philadelphia in 1833
  • Ben Venables, who settled in Philadelphia in 1844

Venables migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Venables Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Richard Venables, a stone-mason, who arrived in New South Wales, Australia sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • Mr. John Venables, (b. 1802), aged 31, English convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 7 years for stealing, transported aboard the "Aurora" on 3rd November 1833, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, he died in 1859 [5]
  • Mr. John Venables, English convict who was convicted in Hertford, Hertfordshire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Charles Kerr" on 6th June 1837, arriving in New South Wales, Australia[6]

Venables migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Venables Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Venables, Australian settler travelling from Sydney aboard the ship "Earl of Lonsdale" arriving in Bay of Islands, North Island, New Zealand on 11th April 1841 [7]

Contemporary Notables of the name Venables (post 1700) +

  • Anthony Venables (b. 1953), English economist
  • George Venables -Vernon (1709-1780), 1st BaronVernon, British politician
  • Edward Venables -Vernon-Harcourt (1757-1847), British religious leader, Bishop of Carlisle
  • Stephen Venables (b. 1954), British mountaineer and writer
  • Archbishop Gregory James Venables (b. 1949), British religious leader, Primate of the Southern Cone
  • Terry Venables (b. 1943), British football manager
  • Clare Venables (1943-2003), British theatre director
  • Brent Venables (b. 1970), American college football coach
  • Robert L. Venables Sr., American Democratic Party politician, Elected Delaware State Senate 21st District 1998 [8]

Related Stories +

The Venables Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Venabulis Vinco
Motto Translation: I conquer with hunting-spears.

Royal Coats of Arms

The first king to have a connection with the Royal Coat of Arms was King Richard I, who owned it from 1189-1199.

Richard’s coat of arms featured three lions or ‘gules three lions passant guardant’ and dictated the way every royal coat of arms would be set out throughout the reigns of King John, King Henry III, and King Edward I.

It was during Edward III’s reign between 1327-1377 that the royal coat of arms were first change. After claiming the French throne, he decided to split the design into quarters to include an English section in the top right and bottom left, and the French ‘fluers-de-lis’ on the top left and bottom right.

Richard II decided to add Edward the Confessor’s arms but Henry IV, who reigned between 1399 and 1405, chose to use Edward III’s original design. Before his reign was over, Henry changed the coat of arms to reduce the number of fleur-de-lis to just three in each section. This final design remained largely unchanged for many hundreds of years, with only small changes made by monarchs who wanted different supporters such as stags, boars, bulls and dragons. The tudors also chose to include the famous Tudor rose, while Mary I chose a pomegranate in memory of her mother.

Coat of Arms British Royal Family

A significant change to the coat of arms came in 1603, at the end of Tudor England, when James I took the throne. James introduced the Scottish lion (rampant) framed by a double pressure at the top right quarter and a fleur-de-lis on each corner. The Irish harp was also included in the bottom left corner to represent his rule over Ireland.

This coat of arms was the foundation throughout the Stuart dynasty, with the only significant change taking place during Queen Anne’s reign between 1702-1714. During this time, England and Scotland united as a single country and both the top left and bottom right quarters were changed to merge three lions guardant and the Scottish lion rampant. The Irish harp then remained in the bottom left, while the fleur-de-lis remained in the top right.

The only significant disturbance to the use of the royal coat of arms came during the Interregnum, 1649-1660. During this time, the monarchy and arms were removed, so parliament adopted a coat of arms of its own. This included two silver quarters with a red cross to represent England and Wales, one quarter that was blue with a gold harp and silver strings to represent Ireland, and a final quarter with the blue and white flag of Scotland. In the centre was a silver lion on a black background, which represented Oliver Cromwell’s arms.

Coat of Arms of the Kings of France - History

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Coat of Arms of the Kings of France - History

John Botwright Coat-of-Arms

Artist Rendering of the John Botwright Coat-Of-Arms
(source: Dennis Boatright)

This graphic is an artist rendering of a coat-of-arms description sent to Robert Guy Boatright by the research department of the Boston Public Library. In their letter of transmittal, the library provided two sources:

(1) "History of the College of Corpus Christi in the University of Cambridge", by Robert Masters p. 43.

(2) "Proceedings of Cambridge Antiquarian Society", p. 77.
. in which was found the statement "Coat-of-Arms granted to John Botewright, D.D (Master of the College of Corpus Christi) about 1443 by Henry VI".

  • The Shield: Azure
  • The Anchors: Silver
  • The Tetragonal pyramids: Black
  • The Fess(space between the two horizontal lines drawn across the field in the center): Silver

John Botwright Coat of Arms from the book: "History of the College of Corpus Christi in the University of Cambridge", by Robert Masters p. 43. The book was published in 1753 and includes a chapter on each of the early masters of the college including John Botwright.

NOTE: "Botwright" is the old english spelling of "Boatwright".

The John Botwright Chapter in the book, "History of the College of Corpus Christi in the University of Cambridge", published in 1753 includes an illustration of the Coat of Arms and an illustration of the John Botwright Tomb, located in the Church of St. Peter & St. Paul, Swaffham, Norfolk, England.

John Botwright, parents names not known, was born in 1400 in Swaffham, Norfolk County, England.

John died in 1474 and is buried in the Church of St. Peter and St. Paul at Swaffham, Norfolk. It is not known that John Botwright, D.D., is an ancestor of the Boat(w)right's in America. It is not known if he ever married.

John had a fellowship at the University of Cambridge before the year 1430, which he probably resigned upon being presented to the rectory of Swaffham Market in Norfolk County by his patron, the Duke of Bedford.

Note: John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford, (20 June 1389 - 14 September 1435) was the third surviving son of King Henry IV of England by Mary de Bohun, and acted as regent of France for his nephew, King Henry VI.

After his father's accession to the throne of England as Henry IV, John of Lancaster began to accumulate lands and lucrative offices. He was knighted on 12 October 1399 at his father's coronation and made a Knight of the Garter by 1402. Between 1403 and 1405 grants of the forfeited lands from the House of Percy and of the alien priory of Ogbourne, Wiltshire, considerably increased his income. He was appointed master of the mews and falcons in 1402, Constable of England in 1403 and Warden of the East March from 1403 to 1414. He was created Earl of Kendal, Earl of Richmond and Duke of Bedford in 1414 by his brother, King Henry V.

When Henry V died in 1422, Bedford vied with his younger brother, Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, for control of the Kingdom. Bedford was declared Regent but focused on the ongoing war in France, while during his absence, Gloucester acted as Lord Protector of England. Bedford defeated the French several times, most notably at the Battle of Verneuil, until the arrival of Joan of Arc rallied the opposition. In 1431, Bedford had Joan tried and executed at Rouen, then arranged a coronation for the young Henry VI at Paris. Source: Wikipedia

From 1435 to 1474, John Botwright was rector of Swaffham, and compiled the Swaffham Black Book. This was an invaluable record of all the work done on the rebuilding of the church.

Among the monuments in the Church of St. Peter and St. Paul is an altar-tomb, with the effigy of John Botwright, D.D., who was master of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, chaplain to Henry VI., and vicar of this church, when it was rebuilt. His office, faith, and name are shewn by rebusses on four shields, - an hieroglyphical mode of expression which was practiced among the Greeks and Romans, and is mentioned in the time of Homer. The first of the four shields has three sacramental cups and wafers to represent his office and priesthood the second shield has the emblem of the Trinity to express his relationship to the College, it being a part of the arms belonging to it a third shield bears three boats, or barges, and a fourth shield has three wimbles, or augurs, and is an allusion to his name.

John was unanimously chosen as Master of Corpus Christi College, University of Cambridge in 1443 during Feast of St. Mark the Evangelist after having been a "proctor" with the Master John Wolpit.

He was awarded the coat-of-arms about 1443 by King Henry VI when John was made Master of Corpus Christi College in which capacity served until his death in 1474.

John was made Chaplain to King Henry VI about 1447. Subsequently, King Henry VI presented John to Canonry in the church Clonfort in Ireland. John was an intimate friend of the King who gave him rich gifts and all the revenue of the tin and lead mines of Devon and Cornwall - appointed 16 Sep 1451 and re-appointed 20 Jun 1453.

John authored at least two books during his lifetime preserved at Swaffham his "Black Book" comprising "a terrier of lands belonging to the church, a list of benefactors with their obits, and an inventory of vestment, plate, and books" and among Corpus Christi College Munts his "White Book", comprising a collection of accounts and other records relating to college administration.

Below is a manuscript written by John Botwright in the mid 1400s, it is written in Latin, and John's formal "signature" is at the top, with the spelling of his last name "Botright". The entire page is hand written by John Botwright - Source: Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, England.

Simon Blake, by will dated 10th December, 1487, a cup of silver gilt, to the church of Swaffham, formerly Mr. John Botewright's, rector of that church. Source: Barrie Blake

John was an intimate friend of the King who gave him rich gifts and all the revenue of the tin and lead mines of Devon and Cornwall - appointed 16 Sep 1451 and re-appointed 20 Jun 1453.

Calendar of Patent Rolls 1446-1452, p. 494 - September 16, 1451 Westminster - Appointment, during pleasure, of the king's chaplain, Master John Botwright, professor of sacred theology, as controller of all the king's mines of gold, silver, copper, latten and lead in the counties of Cornwall and Devon and all other mines wherein any metal containing gold and silver can be refined, to hold himself or by deputies, taking the usual wages, fees and rewards for the costs of him and his men and servants, according to the profits. By K. etc. Source: Calendar of the Patent Rolls 1446-1452 p. 494, Prepared under the superintendence of the deputy keeper of records, Henry VI.

Calendar of Patent Rolls 1446-1452, p. 533 - September 23, 1451 Westminster - Commission to Philip Courteney, knight, Master John Botewright, Westminster. Roger Chanipernoun, Henry Fortescu, Robert Burton and Robert Glover, appointing them to take into the king's hands and keep the gold, silver, copper and all metals purified or not and all mineral matter extracted from the king's mines within Devon and Cornwall from the Annunciation last. Source: Calendar of the Patent Rolls 1446-1452 p. 533, Prepared under the superintendence of the deputy keeper of records, Henry VI.

Calendar of Patent Rolls 1452-1461, p. 110-111 - September 20, 1453 Westminster - Appointment, during good behaviour, by advice and assent of the Westminster, council, of the king's clerk, Master John Botright, as provost and governor of all mines of the king, wherefrom any gold or silver can be refined, in Cornwall and Devon, and grant to him of all mines of copper, tin and lead wherefrom any gold or silver can be refined in the same counties, to hold himself or by deputies, rendering the tenth part of pure gold and silver and of copper, tin and lead, wherefrom gold or silver can be refined, at his own costs grant also to him of power to commit and let at farm the said mines to any farmers for a term of twelve years from the date of these resents, at the rent of the tenth boll 'del le ore' of copper, tin and lead, wherein is any gold or silver, saving to the king six ' shaftis' in the mines and (sic) Bereferreris to be worked by John or his deputies or servants to the king's use grant also to him for his wages of 40 (pounds). by the hands of the receiver there but the king wills that he shall not dig under the houses or castles of any lieges of the king grant also to him that he may take wood and underwood for proving and purifying the metals, and the workmen and labourers necessary, and that he may enjoy all liberties which the miners of Ryer have been wont to enjoy. By K. etc. Source: Calendar of the Patent Rolls 1452-1461 p. 110-111, Prepared under the superintendence of the deputy keeper of records, Henry VI.

What Is Heraldry and When Did This Practice Begin?

Heraldry has been around for centuries. This practice was first thought to be implemented by early soldiers or knights as a way to identify each knight in a battle with full armor and helmets with face shields.

Heraldry began as a method for identifying members of the early European nobility families, probably sometime in the 13th century or earlier. This type of military garb was commonly worn for jousting competitions, making identification difficult for the spectators or other nearby soldiers.

As a result, knights would blazon or otherwise put their personal granted armorial insignia, consisting of symbols and colors, onto their shields and/or their helmets. Another term that is closely associated with heraldry is the coat of arms and all of the symbols and color combinations used to designate that someone belongs to a certain family line, group or clan.

Ramsey Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

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Ramsey Surname Name Meaning, Origin, History, & Etymology
This family is said to have come from a market town in Huntingdonshire. The ancestor of this family was Symon (or Simon or Simund) de Ramesie, a nobleman who came from Normandy, France. It is a locational or habitational name denoting a person who came from a place in Huntingdonshire so called, deriving from the Old English word hrasmsa, meaning wild garlic and the word for island or low lying land. Hence, the theory is that this family came from an island where wild garlic grew.

There are other places in England named Ramsey, but historians are confident the locale in Huntingdonshire is the source of this Scottish family. It was spelled Hramesege in the Saxon Chartulary. Another source also mentions some came from a town named Ramsey in the south west of Harwich and Essex, which was spelled as Rameseia in the Domesday Book of 1086 AD (a survey of England and Wales ordered by William the Conqueror) and as Rammesye in the Feet of Fines for Essex in 1224 AD.

Henry Harrison’s 1912 book, Surnames of Scotland, states this is an English and Scandinavian name from the same etymology/location mentioned above, stating that in old Anglo-Saxon charters the town is spelled as Rameseg and Hrameseg. The same book also mentions it was anciently Ramsöe, with the o umlaut being a Dano-Norwegian letter signifying an island. Mark Anthony Lower states, in his nineteenth century book, that “The name is totally distinct from that of Ramsey. The The Earl of Dalhousie’s family are said to be of German extraction. They are traced from Simon de Ramsay of Dalhousie, in Lothian, temp. David I. 1140. The lands of Ramsay are in Argyleshire”. A one Aethelstanus de Rameseia was documented in the Old English Byname Register of 1036 AD.

Spelling Variations
Some spelling variants or names with similar etymologies include Ramsay, Rumsey, Ramasey, Ramesey, Ramssey, Ramisey, Remesey, Ramsa, Ramissay, Ramhishay, or Rameseye, and about 100 others. The Latin is de Rameseia.

Popularity & Geographic Distribution
The last name Ramsey ranks 373 rd in popularity in the United Status as of the 2000 Census. The name ranks particularly high in the following three states: Tennessee, Oklahoma, and West Virginia. The surname Ramsey frequency/commonness ranks as follows in the British Isles: England (1,257 th ), Scotland (1,847 th ), Wales (1,51 st ), Ireland (3,096 th ) and Northern Ireland (412 nd ). In England, it ranks highest in counties Durham, Northumberland, and Suffolk. In Scotland, the surname ranks highest in Shetland. In Wales, it ranks highest in Pembrokeshire. In Ireland, it ranks highest in Donegal. In Northern Ireland, it ranks highest in county Antrim. The name is also present throughout the remainder English speaking world: Canada (2,547 thh ), New Zealand (2,296 th ), Australia (1,614th), and South Africa (10,268 th ).

The last name Ramsey ranks 4,347 th in popularity in the United Status as of the 2000 Census. The name ranks particularly high in the following three states: and New Hampshire, Maine, and Florida. The surname Ramsey frequency/commonness ranks as follows in the British Isles: England (869 th ), Scotland (127 th ), Wales (1,163 rd ), Ireland (2,580 th ) and Northern Ireland (1,995 th ). In England, it ranks highest in counties Northumberland and Durham. In Scotland, the surname ranks highest in Angus. In Wales, it ranks highest in Merionethshire. In Ireland, it ranks highest in county Donegal. In Northern Ireland, it ranks highest in Londonderry. The name is also present throughout the remainder English speaking world: Canada (680 th ), New Zealand (414 th ), Australia (551 st ), and South Africa (1,571 st ).

Brechin Castle c. 1880, current seat of Earl of Dalhousie, chief of Clan Ramsay.

Clan Ramsay
This is a Scottish Lowland clan. The clan’s plant badge is blue harebell. They are seated at Brechin Castle, Angus, Scotland currently, but where ancient seated at Dalhousie Castle. Their tartans are modern, red and hunting, blue. Branches include Ramsay of Balmain, Ramsay of Banff, and Ramsay of Dalhousie. Septs include Ramsey, Ramsay, Dalhousie, Maule, Brechin, and Brechen. Their Gaelic name is Ramsaidh. Their Latin motto is Ora et Labora, which means Pray and work.

Ramsey Family Tree & Ramsey Genealogy
The following is a discussion of five different noble, royal, landed, or aristocratic families bearing this last name.

Straloch House
credit: Mount Blair Community Archive

Ramsay of Whitehill
The Ramsay genealogy begins with the ancient House of Wardlaw, Baron of Torrie, who lost many lands for its support of the cause of King John Baliol, but still retaimed the estate of Torrie, in county Fife, Scotland. Sir Henry Wardlaw of Torrie had two sons: Andrew (his heir) and Walter (Bishop of Glasgow who became a Cardinal in 1381). His son Sir Andrew married a daughter of the noble House of De Valoniis, and had two sons with her: William (his heir) and Henry (Archbishop of St. Andrew’s). He died in 1440. From his son William descended a length line of Wardlaws of Torrie and of Pitreavie. A one Sir Henry Wardlaw of Pitreavie became a Baronet of Nova Scotia (Canada) in 1631 during the reign of King Charles I of England. His third son was named John. This John married Jean, daughter of James Melville of Hulhill, and had a son also named John. This son John was of Abden and he married Christian Dewar and had two sons with her: John (married Katherine Pringle, had a son named Christian) and William. William married Janet Marshall, and had issue with her. One of his sons was Captain William Wardlaw of the Royal Navy who married Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Balfour Ramsey of Balbirnie and Whitehill) and had the following issue with her: William (died in 1812 without posterity), Robert (discussed below), John (a general officer who married Anne, daughter of Gerard, 1 st Lord Lake, had issue), and Anne (died 1849). His second son, Robert Wardlaw Ramsay, was an Esquire and Captain H.E.I.C’s. Naval Service, who was the successor to the Whitehill estate at the decease of his maternal uncle. In 1811, he married Lady Anne Lindsay, 2 nd daughter of Alexander, 6 th Earl of Balcarres, and prior to his 1837 death, had the following four children: William, Robert Balfour (see below), Balcarres Dalrymple (Lieutenant Colonel in the army, married Anne Collins of Frowlesworth), and John (married Penelope Macdonall of Lison in 1847). His son Robert Balfour Wardlaw-Ramsay was an Esquire of Whitehill in county Edinburgh, Scotland and Tillcounty, county Clackmannan, Scotland, as well as a Justice of the Peace and Deputy Lieutenant who was born in 1815. In 1841, he married Lady Louisa Jane Hay, daughter of George, 7 th Marquess of Tweeddale and Susan Montague, and had ten children with her: Robert George (Lieutenant of the 67 th Regiment), Susan Georgiana (married Reverend Frederick Abel Leslie Melville), Anne Charlotte, Louisa Jane, Elizabeth Caroline, Flora Catherine, May Alice, Edith Mary, Mabel Frances, and Emily Alexina. The Ramsay coat of arms has the following heraldic blazon: Quarterly: 1 st and 4 th , argent, an eagle displayed sable, beaked and member gules within a bordure sable charged with eight roses argent, for Ramsay 2 nd and 3 rd , azure three mascles or, quartering Valence, for Wardlaw. Crest: 1 st : A unicorn’s head erased argent charged with a rose gules: 2 nd : An estoile or. Mottoes: Sempter victor and, over the crests, Familias firmat pietas. The family seat was at Whitehall in Edinburg and Tillcoultry in Clackmannan, Scotland, in Great Britain and modern day United Kingdom of the British Isles of Europe.

Ramsay of Kildalton
John Ramsey was an Esquire of Kildalton, county Argyll, Scotland, Justice of the Peace, Deputy Lieutenant, and Member of Parliament (for Falkirk) in 1874 who was born in 1814. In 1814, he first married Elizabeth, daughter of William Shields of Lanchester county Durham, and secondly Lucy, daughter of George Martin of Auchendennan, and had two daughters: Mary Anne and Elizabeth Lucy He was the son of Robert Ramsay of Stirling and Elizbaeth Stirling of Craigforth. The family seat was Kildalton, Greenock, Scotland.

John Ramsay of Kildalton (1814-1892), Scottish distiller, merchant, & MP

Jeanie Ramsay Kirsty Ramsay, aunt of John Ramsay Robert Ramsay, father of John Ramsay

Fasque House, property of the Ramsays of Balmain
credit: Sir Alexander Ramsay, 3rd Baronet of Balmain (1813-1875), MP for Rochdale William Ramsay Maule, 1st Baron Panmure (1771-1852), Scottish landowner & politician, son of George Ramsay 8th Earl

Bamff House, Perthshire, Scotland, home of the Ramsays of Bamff

Ramsay of Bamff
The lineage of this branch of the Ramsay family tree begins with Neis de Ramsay, the head physician to King Alexander II of Scotland, when the family owned lands, received from that monarch, in Bamff, county Perth and the adjacent areas in 1232 AD. His son and heir was Malcolm de Ramsay, who was documented in the prior of St. Andrew’s in 1284. He in turn had a son named Adam de Ramsay, a Scottish Baron who submitted to King Edward I of England in 1296 AD. He in turn had a son named Malcolm. This Malcolm in turn had a son named Adam. This Adam in turn had a son named Neil de Ramsay, of Bamff, who had a resignation from Mariote, widow of John Lutsale, of the third part of lands of Easter Malias. He was succeeded by his son Gilbert. Gilbert was one of an assize of 17 men upon a division of the lands of Aberlemnock, before Walter Ogilvie, Sheriff of Angus, in 1388 AD. He died toward the end of the reign of King Robert III of Scotland. He had a son named Thomas Ramsay, of Bamff, who had a land charter from Robert, Duke of Albany, in 1420. He in turn had a son named Finlay Ramsay of Bamff. He in turn had a son named Alexander. Alexander lived a long life and died in 1507. He had a son named Gilbert. In 1482, Gilbert married Margaret, daughter of James, 1 st Lord Ogilvie, and he had a son named Neis. This Neis Ramsay was the Sheriff of Perth. He in turn had a son named Alexander. This Alexander of Bamff married Elizabeth, daughter of Crichton of Ruthven, and had a son with her named George. This George Ramsay of Bamff married Elizabeth Wood of Bonnytoun, and died in 1580. He had a son also named George. This son George married Elizabeth, daughter of Mercer of Aidie, and had two sons with her: Gilbert and Alexander (physician to King James I and Charles I of England). He died in 1620 and was succeeded by his eldest son, Gilbert. This Gilbert married Isabel, daughter of Ogilby of Viova, and had a son with her named Gilbert. This son, Sir Gilbert Ramsay, 1 st Baronet, was Knighted in 1635. He was created a Baronet of Nova Scotia in 1666 for the bravery of his son James at the Battle of Pentland Hills. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas Blair, of Baithayock, with whom he had the following issue: Elizabeth (married George Drummond of Blair), Thomas (married Jean Lumsdain of Innergwelly, had daughter), and James. The son, Sir James Ramsay, 2 nd Baronet, married Christian, daughter of Sir Thomas Ogilby, with whom he had issue: John (3 rd Baronet), George (chief physician to the English at Madras), and Sophia. He died in 1731 and was succeeded by his eldest son, Sir John Ramsay, 3 rd Baronet, who married Lilias, daughter of Thomas Graeme of Balgowan. He was succeeded by his son in 1738. This son was Sir James Ramsay, 4 th Baronet, who marries Elizabeth, daughter of George Rait of Anniston, and had four issue with her as follows: Sir John (5 th Baronet), Sir George (6 th Baronet), Sir William (7 th Baronet), and Thomas (married Margaret, daughter of James Maxtone, had children). He died in 1782 and was succeeded by his son John. John, 5 th Baronet, was the Sheriff of county Kincardine, Scotland. He died in 1783 and was succeeded by his brother, Sir George Ramsay, 6 th Baronet. In 1786, Sir George married Eleanor, daughter of George, 14 th Lord Saitoun. He died in a duel with Captain Macrae in 1790, whereupon he was succeeded by his brother William. Sir William, 7 th Baronet, in 1796, married Agnata Francs, daughter of Vincent Biscoe of Hoodwood, and had three issue with her as follows: James (8 th Baronet), George (9 th Baronet), and William (a Professor of Humanity at the University of Glasgow, in 1834, married Catherine Davidson, had a daughter named Catherine Lilias Harrley who married Lieutenant Colonel James Wedderburn-Oglivy). He died in in 1807 and was succeeded by his eldest son James. This son, Sir James Ramsay, 8 th Baronet, was born in 1797. In 1828, he married Jane, son and heiress of John Hope Oliphant. He died in 1859 and was succeeded by his brother George. Sir George, 9 th Baronet, was born in 1800, and in 1830, married Emily Eugenia, daughter of Captain Henry Lennon, 49 th Regiment, and had the following three children with her: James Henry (10 th Baronet), William (of Bombay C.S., in 1867, married Harriot Wollaston, daughter of Major General Jullus B. Denys, had two sons named George and Arthur Dennys Gilbert), and George Gilbert (M.A. of Trinity College Oxford, in 1865, married Gertrude Schuyier Graham of Brooksbys, Lards, children named William Alexander, Sir Malcolm Graham, Reverend Gilbert Biscoe, Robert Eugene, and Gertrude Margaret Noel). Sir George passed away in 1871 whereupon he was succeeded by his eldest son, Sir James Henry Ramsay, 10 th Baronet. Sir James was a Deputy Lieutenant and Barrister-at-law who was born in 1832. He first married Elizabeth Mary Charlotte, daughter of William Scott Kerr of Chatto, and had three daughters with her as follows: Emily Mary, Chariotte Lilias, and Agnata Frances (married Reverend Henry Montagu Butler). In 1873, he second married Charlotte Fanning, daughter of Major William Stewart, of Ardvorlich, and had six children with her as follows: Nifel Neils (Lieutenant of the Black Warch, killed in action in South Africa at Magersfontein), Sir James Douglas (11tth Baronet), Katherine Marjory (born 1874, in 1899, married 8 th Duke of Atholl), Ferellth (Justice of the Peace, in 1910, married Colonel Paul Robert Birn-Clerk-Rattray), and Aima Imogen Mary (in 1916, married Sir Sidney A. Armitage-Smith, and had issue). Sir James Douglas Ramsay, 11 th Baronet, was born in 1878 and succeeded his father in 1925. He served in World War I and was educated at Harrow and Trinity College Cambridge. He was a Colonel on the 51 L.A.A Regiment of the Royal Army and a Major in the Scottish Horse Yeomanry. In 1908, he married Hope Anita Jane, daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander Donald MacGregor of the 92 nd Highlanders, and had two sons with her as follows: Neis Alexander (educated at Winchester, served in World War II as Lieutenant of South Africa Engineering Corps, married Edith Alix Ross of Khyber Lodge) and David James, M.C. (Captain and Major of the Scottish Horse in the Royal Army who served in World War II, in 1939, married Anne Sisson, killed in Normandy in June 1944). The Ramsay Coat of Arms has the following heraldic blazon: Argent, an eagle displayed sable, beaked and membered, gules, and charged on the breast with an escutcheon of the first. Crest: An unicorn’s head, couped, argent, maned and horned or. Supporters: Two griffins proper. Motto: Spernit pericula virtus. They were seated at Bamff, Alyth, county Perth, Scotland, in modern day Great Britain or the United Kingdom.

Dalhousie Castle
wiki: Roger W Haworth, CC2.5

Other Ramsey/Ramsay Pedigree and Family Trees
A one Ramseija A German Wiking was born in Germany (died in England was born around 1030 AD. He had a son named Symon or Simon, considered to be the progenitor or ancestor of the Ramsay/Ramsey family. This Symon de Ramsie was born in France around the year 1100 AD. He was a French Norman nobleman who went to Scotland. He accompanied David of Scotland, the Earl of Huntingdon. David granted him lands in Midlothian. This Simundus de Ramseia was the first to own land at Dalwolsie (modern day Dalhousie) and this family became famous/infamous border raiders. In the next century, there were five significant branches of this family: Ramsay of Dalhousie, Ramsay of Aucherhouse, Ramsay of Banff, Ramsay of Forbard, and Ramsay of Clatton, some of which are discussed in the above sections. The following is a pedigree or lineage from Symon, beginning with his son William:
William de Ramsie or Ramsay (born in Dalhousie, Scotland prior to 1170 AD)
William de Ramsay ((born in Dalhousie, Midlothian prior to 1230 AD)
William de Ramsay ((born in Dalhousie, Midlothian prior to 1250 AD)
William de Ramsay ((born in Dalhousie, Midlothian prior to 1270 AD)
William de Ramsay ((born in Dalhousie, Midlothian prior to 1290 AD)
Sir Patrick Ramsay (born in Inverleith, Scotland around 1330 AD)
Alexander Ramsay (born in Carnock, Scotland around 1350 AD)
Sir Alexander Ramsay (born in Dalhouisie, Midlothian, Scotland around 1370 AD)
Sir Alexander Ramsay (born in Dalhouisie, Midlothian, Scotland before 1402 AD)
William Ramsay of Balnabreich (born in Dalhousie before 1420 AD)
Captain Alexander Ramsay (born in Balnabreich, Scotland in 1520)
Captain Joan John “Hans” Ramsay (born in Balnabreich in 1550)
Anders Erik Ramsay (born in 1638)
Alexander Wilhelm Ramsay (born in 1680)
Gustav Ramsay (born in 1711)
Anders Johan Ramsay (born in 1744). He married Johanna Petersen and fathered the following children with her: Adam, Johan, Carl August, Aurora, Gusatav, Anders Edvard, Sofia, Jacob, and Maria. His son Carl August was born in 1791. He married Beara Peterson and had the following issue with her: Charlotta, Alexander, Wolter, Johan, Isabella, and Anders. His son Wolter Alexander Ramsay was born in 1825 and he married Emmy Beata Tham, having the following issue with her: Sofia, Charlotte, Wolter, Emmy, August, Gustav, Eva, Wilhelm, Henrik, Elsa, and Carl. His son Wilhelm Ramsay was born in Dalsbruk, Finland in 1865. He married Karin Helena Von Born and had numerous children with her as follows prior to his 1928 death in Helsinki: Helena Hulda Fransiska, Hulda Emmy Beata (Sumelius), Viktor Henrik Volter, Elsa Hulda Katarina (Dielh), Nene Hulda Barbara Frank, and Wilhelm August Wolter. His son Viktor Henrik Volter Ramsay was born in Perna, Finland in 1904. He married Virma Meri Ignatius and had issue with her prior to his 1977 passing, including a son named Mac. Mac was born in the 1940s.

A one Sir Robert Ramsay was born in Aucherhouse, Angus, Scotland in 1267, He had a daughter named Marjory (Ogilvy) and Malcolm. His son Malcolm was born in 1325 and was the Sheriff of Forfar. He had a daughter named Isabel who was born in 1350 and later married Walter Ogilvy in 1830, having issue with him named Walter, Alexander, George, and John.

James Ramsey was born in 1720. He was a Loyalist from the Cherry Valley, New York. He served in the Butler’s Rangers and settled in Detroit, but later moved to Niagara Falls. He was granted land in Stamford Townshop and Niagara Township in Canada. He had issue, including a daughter named Martha, born in New York in 1746, who married John Burch, having a son with her named John Burch Jr. who was born in Canada in 1784.

A one Thomas Ramsay was born in Chester, New Hampshire in 1748. He died in 1837 in Rumney, NH.

Early American and New World Settlers
Joseph Ramsey, age 30, came to Virginia aboard the Globe in August 1635.
Robert Ramsey, age 15, came to Bermuda aboard the Dorst in September 1635.
Robert Ramsey was buried in St. Michael’s parish, Barbados in April 1678.

Other early settlers in colonial America bearing this surname include Penelope Ramsey (Virginia 1636), Morgan Ramsey (Maryland 1653), Bar Ramsey (Virginia 1653), James Ramsey (Virginia 1654), John James (Virginia 1654), John Ramsay (Maryland 1716), John Ramsay (Virginia 1751), and John Ramsey (Virginia 1705).

In Canada, one of the first settlers bearing this last name was Elenor Ramsey, who at the age of 26, came to Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the Madawaska in 1833. The next year in 1834, a family bearing this name came to the same town aboard the Ambassador, including Robert and Jane Ramsey, husband and wife, age 23 and 20, respectively, farmers by trade, along with their two children William and Isabella. A one Ann Ramsay came to Nova Scotia in 1750. In Australia, Harriet Ramsey came to Adelaide aboard the Aden in 1849 and George Frederick Ramsey came in the same year aboard the Elizabeth. A one Ann Ramsay came to Adelaide aboard the Lord Goderich in 1838 and William Ramsay came there as well in 1839 aboard the Indus. In New Zealand, John Ramsey came to the city of Wellington in the year 1858, coming aboard the Oliver Lang. Charles A. Ramsay came to Auckland aboard the Bombay in 1863. In the same year, Andrew Ramsay came to Auckland aboard the Nimroud.

Nathaniel Ramsay (1741-1817), Revolutionary War Continental Army Officer & Continental Congressman

Early Americans Bearing the Ramsey Family Crest
Charles Bolton’s American Armory (1927) contains one entry for this surname:
1) Argent an eagle displayed sable, beaked and membered gules. Crest: a unicorn’s head couped argent, armed or Wax seal on the will of Dr. George Ramsay in clerk’s office at Norfolk, Va. Will dated 22 June, 1756.

Crozier’s General Armory (1904) contains three entries for this name:
1) Captain James Ramsey of Baltimore, Maryland, 1735, who descended from Sir James de Ramsey of Dalhousie, Scotland. Arms: Argent, an eagle displayed sable, beaked and membered gules. Crest: A unicorn’s head couped argent, armed or. Motto: Ora et labora.
2) William McCreery Ramsey, Esquire of Westover, who bore the same arms as Captain James.
3) Mrs. Clarise Sears Ramsey of Westover, who descended from Edward III through Kathrine, daughter of John Howard, Duke of Norfolk, bore the arms of Richard Sears of Plymouth, Massachusetts (ie. Gules, a chevron argent between three eaglets proper. On a chief ermine, an escallop, between two mullets of the first).

Matthew’s American Armoury and Bluebook (1907) does not contain an entry for this name.

I have identified eighteen Ramsey family mottoes or Ramsay family mottoes:
1) Ora et labora (Pray and labor)
2) Dum varior idem (While I change, I remain the same)(?)
3) Haec dextra vindex principis et patriae (Shall this right arm of the captain of the avenger of his country)(?)
4) Semper victor (Always conqueror)
5) Familias firmat pietas (Piety strengthens families)
6) Probando et approbando (By trying and approving)
7) Superna sequor (I follow heavenly things) (Ramsay if Methven)
8) Spernit pericula virtus (Excellence scorns danger)
9) Fear nought (Fear not)
10) Migro et respicio (I come forth and look back)*
11) Virtute me involve (I wrap myself up in my virtue)
12) Perrumpo (I break through)
13) Avance (Advance?) (Preview?)
14) Prudentia decus innocentia (Prudence, grace, innocence)
15) Ornatur radix fronde (The root is adorned by the foliage)
16) Migro et respicio (I depart and look back)
17) Aspiro (I aspire)
18) Dum varior (Unit I am changed)

*This is an allusion to the crest of the family arms: An eagle reguardant (looking behind itself).

We have 41 coats of arms for the Ramsey surname depicted here. These 41 blazons are from Bernard Burke’s book The General Armory of England, Ireland, and Scotland, which was published in 1848. The bottom of this page contains the blazons, and in many instances contains some historical, geographical, and genealogical about where coat of arms was found and who bore it. People with this last name that bore an Ramsey Coat of Arms (or mistakenly called the Ramsey Family Crest) include:
1) Sir John Ramsay, Earl of Holderness, supporters, etc., dated at the Great Seal 22 January 1620-1

There are hundreds of notable people with the Ramsey surname. This page will mention a handful. Famous people with this last name include: 1) Alexander Ramsey (1815-1903) who was the 34 th United States Secretary of War during the Hayes and Garfield Administrations, 2 nd Governor of Minnesota from 1860-1863, and a United States Senator from Minnesota from 1863-1875 who was born in Hummlestown, Pennsylvania, 2) Ben Ramsey (1903-1985) who was the 34 th Lieutenant Governor of Texas from 1951-1961 and the 59 th Texas Secretary of State from 1949-1950 who was born in the city of St. Augustine in said state, 3) David L. Ramsey III (1960) who was an American businessman, radio host, and author on personal finance who was born in Antioch, Tennessee, 4) Admiral DeWitt Clinton Ramsey (1888-1961) who was a U.S. Naval Office and aviator who served in World War I and II, born in Fort Whipple, Arizona, 5) Lieutenant Colonel Edwin Price Ramsey (1917-2013) who was an officer in the US Army who was a guerilla leader during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines during World War II, having been the last person to lead a cavalry charge in American military history, born in Carlyle, Illinois, 6) Frank Plumpton Ramsey (1903-1930) who was a British mathematician, philosopher, and economist from Cambridge, England, 7) Paul Ramsey who was a member of the British Columbia Legislative Assembly in Prince George North, Canada and a member of the New Democratic Party, 8) Norman Foster Ramsey Jr. (1915-2011) who was an American physicist born in Washington, DC who won a Nobel Prize in 1989 who invented the separated oscillatory field method and held various positions in governmental and international organizations such as NATO, 9) Robert Ramsey (1780-1849) who was a member of the US House of Representatives from Pennsylvania from 1833-1835, 10) Allan Ramsay (1686-1758) who was a Scottish poet and playwright born in Leadhills, Lanarkshire, and 11) James Ramsay MacDonald (1866-1937) who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1929-1935 during the Monarchy of King George V, born in Lossiemouth, Morayshire, Scotland.

Admiral Sir Bertram Home Ramsay (1883-1945)
wiki: Dalhouise Castle James Ramsay (1733-1789) surgeon and slavery abolitionist General the Hon. Sir Henry Ramsay (1816-1893), son of 8th Earl Dalhousie Colonel Robert George Wardlaw-Ramsay (1852-1921)

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