They discover the historic city of Idu in Iraq

They discover the historic city of Idu in Iraq

In the Kurdistan region, located in northern Iraq, a team of archaeologists have discovered a ancient city called Idu, hidden under a mound. The cuneiform inscriptions and works of art reveal the palaces that flourished in the city throughout its history for thousands of years.

The area in question is located in a valley on the north bank of the Zab River. The remains of the city are now part of a mound, this one has a height of 10 meters. The oldest remains date back to Neolithic times, when agriculture first appeared in the Middle East.

Cinzia Pappi, an archaeologist at the University of Leipzig in Germany noted that “the city prospered 3,300 and 2,900 years ago”. At the beginning of this period, the city was under the control of the Assyrian empire and is used to manage the surrounding territory. Later, when the empire declined, the city gained its independence and became the center of a kingdom that lasted for about 140 years, until the Assyrians reconquered it.

Pappi wrote in an email to LiveScience, the following: «very few archaeological excavations have been carried out in Iraqi Kurdistan, before 2008«. This is driven by the conflicts in Iraq in the last three decades, which have made it difficult to work there. The weather tends to favor excavations in southern Iraq in such important places as Uruk and Ur.

The cuneiform art and inscriptions They have provided a special occasion for the team to discover the most extravagant glimpses of the palaces of the ancient city. Ba’ilanu wanted to boast that his palace in Idu was better than any of its predecessors.

Another fascinating object, which may be from a palace, is a cylindrical seal that is 2,600 years old. The scene showing the seal shows a man with a bow in hand, crouching before a griffin, as well as a morning star (a symbol of the goddess Ishtar), a crescent moon (a symbol of the moon god ) and a solar disk symbolizes the sun god.

Prior to carry out more excavations, the researchers will need approval from both the local government and the people who live in the village.

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